12 Photography Tips For Beginners to Follow
In this digital era, the importance of photography is immense. We are capturing moments in our daily life and sharing them with others as we want to make them special. Photography is also an art that requires a lot of practice, patience, and hard work to master. Like other professions, it also needs some fundamental rules which help an individual to become a professional photographer quickly and easily. If you are a beginner or want to become one, these tips will assist you in becoming an expert photographer.
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So let’s start with 12 tips that can guide every beginner photographer throughout their career:
Think beyond the central subject matter
When composing a shot, many photographers are focused on the subject and have no idea what else is in the image. However, when you look at someone else’s photos, you will discover that they have included other elements in their shots as well. These added elements enhance the photo or draw your focus to the main subject. You can add texture with rocks, water, or anything as long as it complements your primary subject.
“When using a wide-angle lens be aware of how much space is included in your background and foreground. I like to include something interesting in both areas whenever possible so there is always something new for me to look at if I return to the image later,” says landscape photographer Lee Atwell.
It could also be a simple matter of exploring the area around your subject and trying different angles. Maybe there are some interesting patterns on the ground that would make for an appealing foreground element?
Time to experiment, experiment, and more experiments. Use new angles, try different lighting situations, explore with lenses and make use of the different compositional techniques you read about. Try different shutter speeds, work with the flash, try editing your photos using photo editing software or apps and keep improving each time. Experimentation is an important part of learning photography.
Don’t shoot everything from eye level.
Try to not shoot everything at eye level. Photography is about capturing the world from your unique perspective so take the time to get down low or up high to create a more exciting shot. Don’t be afraid of getting your hands dirty, either — even if you have a tripod, shooting from your knees or waist can allow you to move around and focus quickly on multiple subjects as they move through your frame, creating storylines that may not be evident when shooting from above.
Strive to capture decisive moments.
In short, the decisive moment is when you capture the emotion of the subject or action.
The great street photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson described this moment as “the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as the precise organization of forms which gives that event its proper expression.”
As a landscape photographer, I might wait for just the right lighting conditions (a passing cloud creates interesting shadows) and composition to click the shutter.
A portraiture photographer waits for just the right facial expression on their model to take their shot.
A sports photographer might wait until there is some kind of dramatic peak action to take their photographs (such as during a basketball game).
Shoot in Manual Mode
If you’re a beginner photographer looking to learn more about your camera while improving the quality of your images, then the manual mode is the best option for you.
When in manual mode, you’ll have full control over what settings your camera uses to capture photos.
This will help you understand how shutter speed, aperture, and ISO interact with each other and how they affect the overall quality of an image.
Know how to use your camera
Yes, I know that this sounds obvious but most people don’t follow this simple tip. You have to read the camera manual because it is important to understand how your camera works. The manual will teach you about the basic functions of your camera and will also tell you about the advanced features that you might not find on every camera. The more you know about your camera, the better shots you’ll be able to take!
You should spend some time reading through all of its features and getting familiar with them before taking any photographs in order to get comfortable using them as quickly as possible. while understanding how they work will help you take better photos.
Turn off the LCD display and use the viewfinder.
Use the viewfinder, not the LCD display. This is another one of those tips that improve efficiency. It saves battery life — because your camera doesn’t have to power up the LCD display while you’re looking through the viewfinder — and it’s also faster to use. And perhaps more importantly, when you use the viewfinder, you hold your camera differently than when you use the LCD display as a viewfinder (i.e., holding it out in front of you). When you use the viewfinder, your arms are pressed against your body, which helps stabilize your camera. So it’s significantly easier to hold steady than when using an outstretched arm with an LCD-viewing position. The other advantage of using the viewfinder is that it makes it easier to compose pictures without distraction from viewers beside or behind you, or from bright sunlight washing out the image on the screen
Take risks with angles and perspectives.
Photography is an art. The more creative you are, the better your photos will be.
Creativity comes in many forms but one of the most effective is to look for different angles and perspectives. Think creatively. Experiment with different angles and perspectives. Look for things that are different from what you usually do or see. If you are shooting portraits, try shooting from a low angle, or even shoot upwards at them while they stand on a stool or platform. If you are out photographing landscapes, try shooting from a high angle like from a hilltop or up in the air using a drone.
Different angles and perspectives will give your photos unique moods and evoke different emotions in viewers which is exactly what we want because that is the whole point of photography – to connect with people through pictures!
Explore the light around you.
Light is the most important element in photography. It is light that reveals to us the beauty and mystery of our world. Light guides our eyes through an image and creates an emotional impact. From the subtlety of a sunrise to the drama of a sunset, light changes not only how we see, but also how we feel.
All light is not equal – I repeat: All light is not equal! It’s all about quality as opposed to quantity! You might think that you need a super-bright sun on a cloudless day for your images to look good, but this simply isn’t true. There are several factors that affect the quality of your natural light:
- the time of day
- whether it’s outdoors or indoors
- weather conditions (cloudy days are great for photography)
Learn how to edit your photos.
Learning how to edit your photos can help you bring out details and colours that were not obvious when you took the shot. It allows you to tell a story with your photo and set your desired mood, which is something you can’t always do in camera.
There are a lot of editing programs available for beginners, and the most popular of them all is Adobe Photoshop. However, if you don’t have access to Photoshop or prefer something more user-friendly, there are other options that are less expensive or even free like Lightroom, PicMonkey and Pixlr.
Be careful with digital zoom.
- Be careful with digital zoom:
Digital zoom will simply crop the image that is being captured and enlarge it. This is not good for your photography as it lowers the resolution of your shot, so try to avoid using digital zoom. If you want to get closer to your subject then use optical zoom, because you are actually zooming in with optical zoom and it will not affect the quality of the photo.
Use a tripod when shooting long exposures or low light shots.
Keep a few things in mind when using your tripod.
- Always use a cable release or the self-timer mode on your camera to avoid any camera shake when taking an image.
- Experiment with different shutter speeds to get the effect you want for your photos. Try longer exposures if you want to smooth out water or clouds, and try shorter exposures if you want to freeze action.
- If you’re shooting indoors at night, take a flashlight with you and shine it into the corners of your room before taking the photo so that you can better see what is in the frame and adjust accordingly (this tip works great with group photos)!
- Turn off your image stabilization/vibration reduction when using a tripod as it can sometimes cause blurry images due to conflicting technology between your lens and camera body. Instead of relying on this technology which isn’t needed since there is no movement from either the photographer or subject due to being stationary on their tripod for long periods of time! You will also achieve sharper shots when using slower shutter speeds without having them look too blurry from motion blur because there was less movement when taking these shots compared with those where faster shutter speeds were used without stabilizers turned off which resulted in much more noticeable amounts of motion blur at high enough magnifications/pixel peeps that can easily make even simple snapshots unusable despite being taken by experienced photographers like myself who know how important it becomes not just because we care about our own work but also don’t want others looking at our pictures saying they could have done better themselves (especially after spending so much money). So turn them off while doing low light photography because even though these newer cameras are pretty good now we still need some help sometimes (*wink*).
Learn the basics of photography, experiment with the rules, and break them when necessary to capture a beautiful image. If you are in need of more help, you can find plenty of courses online to help you learn about photography.
Finally, get out there and practice with your camera. The only way to improve is by taking lots of photos so don’t be shy! You may take a few bad photos along the way, but that’s all part of the learning process.